Eine neue Studie zeigt, dass es nicht mehr ausreicht, zukünftig keine fossilen Abbaustätten mehr zu erschließen, sondern dass das Limit bereits überschritten ist, wenn man das 2 Grad-Ziel von Paris einhalten will.
In December 2015, world governments agreed to limit global average temperature
rise to well below 2°C, and to strive to limit it to 1.5°C. This report examines, for the first time, the implications of these climate boundaries for energy production and use.
Our key findings are:
- Y The potential carbon emissions from the oil, gas, and coal in the world’s currently operating fields and mines would take us beyond 2°C of warming.
- The reserves in currently operating oil and gas fields alone, even with no coal,would take the world beyond 1.5°C.
- With the necessary decline in production over the coming decades to meet climategoals, clean energy can be scaled up at a corresponding pace, expanding the totalnumber of energy jobs.
One of the most powerful climate policy levers is also the simplest: stop digging formore fossil fuels. We therefore recommend:
- No new fossil fuel extraction or transportation infrastructure should be built, andgovernments should grant no new permits for them.
- Some fields and mines – primarily in rich countries – should be closed before fullyexploiting their resources, and financial support should be provided for non-carbondevelopment in poorer countries.
- This does not mean stopping using all fossil fuels overnight. Governments andcompanies should conduct a managed decline of the fossil fuel industry and ensurea just transition for the workers and communities that depend on it.
In August 2015, just months before the Paris climate talks, President Anote Tong of thePacific island nation of Kiribati called for an end to construction of new coal mines andcoal mine expansions. This report expands his call to all fossil fuels.
Published by Oil Change International (www.priceofoil.org)